ENGINE (Educating Nigerian Girls in New Enterprises) End of Project Summary

Overview and Background

Nigeria’s 80.2 million women and girls have significantly fewer life opportunities compared to their male counterparts. Marginalised adolescent girls in Nigeria face several barriers to accessing both formal and non-formal education including social and cultural norms, limited institutions, poverty and appropriate curriculum as evidenced by low enrolment and attainment rates.

As a result of this, The Coca-Cola Company (TCCC) partnered with the UK Department for International Development’s (DFID) Girl’s Education Challenge (GEC) to implement the Educating Nigerian Girls in New Enterprises (ENGINE) programme, an initiative to improve learning outcomes and the economic status of marginalized adolescent girls aged 16-19 in the Northern Nigerian states of Kano, Kaduna, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) and the metropolis of Lagos, Nigeria. ENGINE 1 was guided by Coca-Cola’s 5by20 initiative to economically empower five million women in its global value chain by 2020. ENGINE 1 sought to improve the lives of 18,000 marginalized girls, in the four target states by improving the quality and reach of education and ensuring new educational opportunities translate into real economic and social choices for girls. ENGINE 1 ensured girls completed a full education cycle which increased learning outcomes. Adolescent girls also learnt and acquired demand-driven skills which enabled them become more skilled employees and micro-retailers. ENGINE 1 helped improve the communities by advocacy and awareness which enabled participants keep their own children in school longer - breaking intergenerational cycles of low educational achievement and poverty.

ENGINE’s theory of change states that when more marginalized Nigerian girls complete a full learning cycle of the program and are supported by gatekeepers, they will have improved learning outcomes, be higher skilled entrepreneurs or employees, have increased earning power and decision-making within the household, and benefit from improved perceptions in their household and community regarding their value.

This hypothesis contributes to one overall project impact, which is to increase the life chances of marginalized girls, supported by the following four outputs:

Output 1: Marginalized in-school girls improve academic performance, financial literacy and life skills.

Output 2: Marginalized out-of-school girls benefit from income generating and asset building opportunities.

Output 3: Gatekeepers change their perceptions and actions linked to girls participating in school and in economic opportunities.

Output 4: Increased funding to support marginalized girls’ education and income-generating opportunities.

Evaluation Approach

The ENGINE 1 programme was designed to have multiple, related, synergistic clusters of activities. This complexity required a stringent evaluation approach designed to gain in depth understanding of how these factors would interact to promote sustained positive economic outcomes to marginalized girls.

The evaluation approach adhered to the structural principles as outlined in DFID’s evaluation policy: Independence, Transparency, Quality and Utility.

Evaluation Design

The evaluation design consisted of three elements:

1. Randomized control trial (RCT) design to:

A. Create a treatment and control group/clusters (of beneficiaries) within chosen LGAs

B. Measure impact through difference between control and treatment groups

This experimental design; a cluster- randomized control trial (RCT) was used with person level/ girl level outcomes.

2. Value for Money (VfM) Assessment: To assess the cost efficiency and effectiveness of the ENGINE 1 Programme. Preston Healthcare consulting conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis to measure the cost and effects of ENGINE’s activities and inputs, on how it improved the lives of the marginalized girls in Nigeria. While there are many variants of costs analyses, cost effectiveness analysis framework lends itself well to the overall evaluation plan in that:

  1. It directly links objectives with effectiveness.
  2. It is designed to compare costs and effectiveness of two or more treatments with similar objectives (as is the case of ENGINE’s in-school and out of school activities)
  3. It complements the use of experimental and quasi-experimental designs when measuring intervention effects in that it allows the direct measure of the unit cost of impact
  4. It examines the financial sustainability of the intervention, alongside the results of the overall evaluation.

INTENDED OUTCOME: Empowered SPHCDA/Bs with capacity to conduct intra-assessment on alignment with PHCUOR model prior to national Scorecard assessment.

Creation of PHCUOR electronic Hub: The electronic hub is to facilitate the sharing of experiences, dissemination of tools, latest news updates and guidelines, as well as, accessing Frequently Asked Questions as it concerns PHCUOR implementation. This will enhance effective management of explicit and tacit knowledge. It will also enable Partners to keep up with the latest development in states, leading to more synchronized PHCUOR strengthening support.

Participants are required to come with their laptops as training sessions will be hands-on and interactive.

Key Benefits of the e-Hub include:

  • Cost Effective: The e-Hub allows NPHCDA and States to share documents and guidelines without having to worry about cost of printing and distribution.
  • Instant: States can have access to tools and information immediately they are uploaded. No more long waiting hours/ days to receive documents or information.
  • Convenient: Anyone with either a mobile phone, tablet or computer can access the platform. Thus it can be used on the ‘go’.
  • Far-reaching: The e-Hub can be accessed from all over the world. From the most remote locations to the most advanced cities. It is truly a Global platform.
  • Evidence for advocacy: Provides evidence to partners and stakeholders that informs what support to be provided to State.

The ENGINE 1 team used DFID’s established VfM template to provide estimates for the project.

3. Performance evaluation: To evaluate the effectiveness of project implementation including its relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability TKG will perform front-end, formative, mid-term, and summative endline evaluation of program targets, objectives and results using project monitoring data and data gathered from stakeholders and beneficiaries. Environmental factors on the project will also be examined. Information gathered from these evaluations will assist Mercy Corps and its partners in modifying, refining and adjusting on-going implementation and to inform future programming.

The methodology for selecting the LGAs was as follows:

  • Opportunities to leverage existing government programmes, especially LGAs supportive of linkages between ENGINE 1 and MoE schools.
  • Leverage existing donor initiatives supporting girls education and/or income diversification - (ESSPIN, GCE, etc).
  • Geographic density data (Coca Cola asked that we keep our target LGAs clusters and urban or periurban) Pre-identified gatekeepers that can serve as accelerators for girls’ education.
  • Local partner capacity and reach- feedback from partners 6 High proportion of girls meeting our criteria.